What is obesity (obesity)? Why does it need to be treated?

Obesity is a growing health problem around the world. The World Health Organization defines it as “the accumulation of fat at a level that affects the health of the body in a bad way,” indicating that the energies consumed are so great that the energy balance in the body deteriorates and the body weight increases in terms of size, causing a deterioration in health. Obesity is when body fat percentage exceeds 30% in adult women and 25% in adult men. Obesity is not just a problem in itself, but rather one of the most important factors causing various dangerous diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, respiratory diseases, joints and sudden paralysis. Obesity is a chronic disease that negatively affects lifestyle, leading to a risk of death.

What is the percentage of obesity?

According to WHO data, about 3.2 billion people are overweight and 700 million obese people in the world. Overweight and obesity are responsible for 80% of diabetes, 35% of heart disease and 55% of high blood pressure in adults in Europe and cause more than 1 billion deaths each year. At present, it is known that at least 150 million adults in Europe are obese.

How is obesity treated?

Obesity is a disease that affects many parts of the body. Therefore, it is essential to plan and implement treatment with a multidisciplinary approach that works in harmony with more than one branch.

The following methods are used in the treatment of obesity:

Diet food
Medication treatment
Endoscopic treatment
gastric balloon
Laparoscopic obesity (gastric sleeve surgery)

Who can undergo bariatric surgeries?

Closed obesity surgery is an effective treatment method that has been widely used in the world and our country in recent years. According to international standards, it is recommended that bariatric surgeries be performed in all 40 * or obesity cases if the body mass index is above 35, 32 * associated with a disease in cases of diabetes (diabetes mellitus); high blood pressure, diseases Cardiovascular, sleep apnea, or joint disorders.

What is a common sleeve gastrectomy or gastric tube?

Gastric tube surgery or what is known as sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical procedure with very low complications and side effects. In this surgery, the large side of the stomach is cut and a stomach is created in the form of a tube with a volume of 60 by 120 ml (the amount of a cup of tea). This operation takes an average of an hour and a half, and since the larger side of the stomach is cut, the larger side of the stomach is removed. Which secrete the hungry hormone and stomach volume is reduced, thus appetite is reduced, satiety becomes more easy and weight loss.

What are the advantages of sleeve gastrectomy?

The patient permanently loses about 40% of their weight within a year. Significant improvements are also noted in other diseases that our patients complain of due to obesity. Despite the reduction in the size of the stomach, its functions do not deteriorate. Everything can be eaten and satiety in a small amount. The part of the stomach secreted for the hungry hormone is removed. Reducing the hunger hormone is the most important factor in feeling full for long periods of time and protecting lost weight, because the muscles in the stomach outlet are protected and actively working, so it does not cause nausea, vomiting, palpitations or fainting. Intestinal obstruction, intestinal ulcers, anemia, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, osteoporosis, malnutrition or diarrhea appear after gastric tube surgery. Stomach tube surgery is the first choice for people who are afraid of surgeries that require cutting part of the small intestine, causing deterioration of the absorption function.